Fakhruddin KS, Lawrence HP, Kenny DJ. Use of Mouthguards Among 12 to 14-year old Ontario Schoolchildren. JCDA Vol. 73, No. 6. July/Augus 2007 p505-505e.
Cohenca N, Roges R, Rogers R. The incidence and severity of dental trauma in intercollegiate athletes. JADA Vol. 138: August 2007 P 11211126
dela Cruz,G,Knapik J, Birk M. Evaulation of mouthguards for the prevention of orofacial injuries during United States Army basic military training. Dental Traumatology 2009: 24:86-90:doi:10.1111/j.1600-9657.2006.00500.x
Mihalik, JP, McCaffrey, MA, et al. Effectiveness of Mouthguards in Reducing Neurocognitive Deficits Following Sports Related Cerebral Concussion.Dental Traumatology 2007:23:14-20.
Using Mouthguards to Reduce the Incidence and Severity of Sports-related Oral Injuries. JADA Dec. 2006
Gassner R, Tuli T, Hachl O, Rudisch A, Ulmer H. Cranio-maxillofacial Trauma: A 10 Year Review of 9543 Cases With 21067 Injuries. J Craniomaxillofac Surg, 31(1):51-61,2003.
Tuli T, Hachi O, Hohlrieder M, Grubwieser G, Gassner R. Dentofacial Trauma in Sport Accidents. General Dentistry, 50(3):274-279,2002.
Lahti H, Sane J, Ylipaavalniemi. Dental Injuries in Ice Hockey Games and Training. Med Sci Sports Exer 34(3):400-2,2002.
Labella CR, Smith BW, Sigurdsson A. Effect of Mouthguards on Dental Injuries and Concussions in College Basketball. Med Sci Sports Exer 34(1):41-44,2002.
Ferrari CH, de Medeiros JM Ferreira. Dental trauma and level of information: Mouthguard use in different contact sports. Dent Traumatol,18(3):144-147,2002.v
Aubrey M, Cantu R, Dvorak J, Graf-Baumann T, Johnston K, Kelly J, Lovell M, McCrory P, Meeuwisse W, Schamasch P. Summary and Agreement Statement of the First International Conference on Concussion in Sport, Vienna 2001. Physician Sportsmedicine 30(2):57-6
Newsome PR, Tran DC, Cooke MS. The Role of the Mouthguard in the Prevention of Sports-Related Dental Injuries: A Review. Int J Paediatr Dent 11(6):396-404,2001.
McCrory P. Do Mouthguards Prevent Concussion? Br J Sports Med 35:81-82, 2001.
Guevara PH, Hondrum SO, Reichl RB. A Comparison of Commercially Available Mouthguards and a Custom Mouthguard. Gen Dent 49(4):402-406,2001.
Gabris K, Tarjan I, Rozsa N. Dental Trauma in Children Presenting for Treatment at the Department of Dentistry for Children and Orthodontics, Budapest,1985-1999 Dent Traumatol,17:103-108,2001.
Mueller FO, Marshall SW, Kirby DP. Injuries in Little League Baseball from 1987 through 1996. Physician and Sportsmedicine, 29(7):41-48, 2001.
National Collegiate Athletic Association. Injury Surveillance Data Notebook 1999-2000. NCAA Health and Safety, P.O.B. 6222, Indianapolis, Indian.
2000-2001 NCAA Sports Medicine Handbook. (Thirteenth Ed., The National Collegiate Athletic Association, P.O.B. 6222, Indianapolis, IN, August, 2000).
Ranalli D. Sports Dentistry in General Practice. Gen Dent 48(2):158-64,2000.
Ranalli DN. Advances in Sports Dentistry. Dental Clinics of North America, Vol 44(1),2000.
Marcenes W, Alessi ON, Traebert J. Causes and Prevalence of Traumatic Injuries to the Permanent Incisors of School Children Aged 12 Years in Jaragua do Sul, Brazil. Int Dent J 50(2):87-92,2000.
Gassner R, Vasquez Garcia J, Leja W, Stainer M. Traumatic Dental Injuries and Alpine Skiing. Endod Dent Traumatol, 16(3):122-7,2000.
Bemelmanns P, Pfeiffer P. Incidence of dental, mouth, and jaw injuries and the efficacy of mouthguards in top ranking athletes. Sportverletz Sportschaden 14(4):139-43,2000.
Sakamoto B. In High School Play, A Livelier Softball May Be Adding Insult to Injury. Chicago Tribune, May 13, 1999.
Gassner R, Bosch R, Tuli T, Emshoff. Prevalence of Dental Trauma in 6000 Patients with Facial Injuries:Implications for Prevention. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod, 87(1):27-33,1999.
Kvittem B, Hardie NA, Roettger M, Conry J. Incidence of Orofacial Injuries in High School Sports. J Public Health Dent, 58(4):288-93,1998.
Kumamoto DP, Winters J, Novickas D Mesa K. Tooth Avulsions Resulting from Basketball Net Entanglement. JADA, 128(9):1273-5,1998.
Kumamoto DP, Meleedy-Rey P, and Thayer-Doyle C. Project Mouthguard: A Survey of Illinois Dentists' Attitudes on Mouthguards. CDS Review 91(1):28-33, 1998.
Berg R, Berkey DB, Tang JM, et al. Knowledge and Attitudes of Arizona High School Coaches Regarding Oral-Facial Injuries and Mouthguard Use among Athletes. JADA,129:1425-1435,1998.
Kurtz MD, Camp JH, Andreasen JO. Dental Injuries(in Sports Medicine: Principles of Primary Care, Scuderi GR, et al., eds., Mosby, St. Louis), pages 149-175, 1997.
Emshoff R, Schoning H, Rothler G, Waldhart E. Trends in the Incidence and Cause of Sports-Related Mandibular Fractures: A Retrospective Analysis. J Oral Maxillofac Surg,55(6):585-92,1997.
Diab N, Mourino AP. Parental Attitudes Toward Mouthguards. Pediatr Dent,19(8):455-60,1997.
Schubert MM, et al. Changes in shoulder and leg strength in athletes wearing mandibular orthopedic repositioning appliances. JADA 108(3):334-7, Mar, 1984.
Powers JM, et al. Mouth protectors and sports team dentists. Bureau of Health Education and Audiovisual Services. Council on Dental Materials, Instruments, and Equipment. JADA 109 (1) :84-7, Jul, 1984.
Kaufman RS, et al. An experimental study on the effects of the MORA on football players. Basal Facts 6(4):119-26, 1984.
Parker MW, et al. Muscle strength related to use of interocclusal splints. Gen Dent 32(2):105-109, Mar-Apr, 1984.
Williams MO, Chaconas SJ, and Bader P. The Effect of Mandibular Position on Appendage Muscle Strength. J Pros Dent 49(4): 560-567, April, 1983.
Ryan AJ. The Academy for Sports Dentistry. Phys Sportsmed 11:46, 1983.
Randell S. Dental Trauma and Disease in 34 Professional Athletes. Phys Sportsmed 11(6):85-91,1983.
Kerr L. Dental problems in athletes. Clin Sports Med 2(1): 115-122, Mar, 1983.
Kaufman A, et al. Use of the MORA to reduce headaches on members of the US Olympic Luge Team. Basal Facts 5(4): 129-133, Nov, 1983.
Kaufman A, et al. Effects of the MORA on members of a football team. Quintessence Int 14(6):677-81, Jun, 1983.
Henson JL, et al. Analysis of stress produced by a maxillary mouthstick prosthesis. J Prosthet Dent 50(5):681-4, Nov, 1983.
Burkett LN Berstein A. The effect of mandibular position on strength, reaction time and movement time on a randomly selected population. NYS Dent J 49(5):281-5, May, 1983.
Jakush J. Divergent views: Can dental therapy enhance athlete performance? JADA 104(3):292-8, Mar, 1982.
Hildebrandt JR. Dental and maxillofacial injuries. Clin Sports Med 1(3):449-468 (48 ref), Nov, 1982.
Heintz WD. The Status of Sports Dentistry. Phys Sportsmed 10:19, 1982.
Godwin WC Craig RG Koran A Lang BR Powers JM. Mouth Protectors in Junior Football Players. Phys Sportsmed 10(9):41-48, 1982.
The Relationship of Intraoral Devices to Athletic Injuries and Athletic Performance(Meeting notes of the University of Michigan School of Dentistry, J Sportsmed 10(9):131-136, 1982.
Stevens OO. Prevention of Traumatic Dental and Oral Injuries(in JO Andreason Traumatic Injuries of the Teeth. W.B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia, PA), pages 419-434,1981.
Smith SD. Sports Dentistry: Protection and Performance from Mouthguards and Splints. Athl Train 16:100, 1981.
Scimone FS. Effect of a mouth appliance on athletic performance. J Mass Dent Soc30(3):156-8, 1981.
Heintz WD. Disturbing Recent Confusion and Concern: Update in Mouth Protection for Athletes. Athl Train 16(2):111-112,1981.
Hart DL Lundquist DO Davis HC. The Effect of Vertical Dimension on Muscular Strength. J Ortho Sports Phys Therapy 3(2):57-61,1981.
Greenberg MS Cohen SG Springer P Kotwick JE Vegso JJ. Mandibular Position and Upper Body Strength: A Controlled Clinical Trial. JADA(October);103:576-579,1981.
Garabee WF. Craniomandibular Orthopedics and Athletic Performance in the Long Distance Runner: A Three Year Study. Basal Facts 4(3):77-81, 1981.v
de Wet FA. The prevention of orofacial sports injuries in the adolescent. Int Dent J 31 (4): 313-9, Dec, 1981.
Castaldi CR. Injuries to the Teeth.(In Vinger PF, and Hoerner EF. Editors. Sports Injuries:The Unthwarted Epidemic. Boston, 1981, John Wright,PSG, Inc.
Feriencik K. Trends in Ice Hockey Injuries: 1965 to 1977. Phys Sportsmed7(2):81-84,1979.
Heintz WD. Mouth Protection in Sports. Phys Sportsmed 7(2):45-46, 1979.
Cohen S. A study of the use of mouth protection in the sport of ice hockey. Penn Dent J (Phila) 77(2-3):33-4, Spring, 1975.
Going RE et al. Mouthguard materials: Their physical and mechancial properties. JADA 89:132-8, Jul, 1974.
Wei SH. Prevention of Injuries to Anterior Teeth. Int Dent J 24(1):30-49,1974.
Castaldi CR. Mouth guards in contact sports. J Conn State Dent Assoc 48(4): 233-41, Oct 1974.
Mouth protectors: 11 years later. Bureau of Dental Health Education, Council on Dental Materials and Devices. JADA 86: 1365-7, Jun, 1973.
Manners P et al. The preventive dentistry program at the United States Air Force Academy. Prev Med 1:396-399, Aug,1972.
Dennis CG et al. Mouthguards in Australian sport. Aust Dent J 17:228-35, June, 1972.
Wood AW. Head protection--cranial, facial and dental in contact sports. Oral Health 62:23-33, April, 1972.
News from Sangamon County. Society issues mouth protectors. Ill Dent J 39:668-669, Oct, 1970.
Keller F. Mouth protectors for contact sports. Zahntechnik (Zur) 29: 343-344, Jul-Aug, 1971(GER).
Nicholas NK. Mouth protection in contact sports. New Zeal Dent J 65:14-24, Jan, 1969.
NCAA again fails to support mouth-protector regulation. JADA 78:484, Mar, 1969.
Yoshida S et al. Dental use of silicone rubber for caries prevention. I I Properties of silicone rubber containing fluoride. J Osaka Univ Dent Sch 8:23-32, Sept, 1968.
Heintz WD. Mouth protectors: a progress report. Bureau of Dental Health Education JADA77:632-6, Sep, 1968.
Godwin WC, et al: Stress transmitted through mouth protectors. JADA 77:1316-1320, Dec, 1968.
Craig RG et al. Physical properties of materials for custom-made mouth protectors. J Mich Dent Assn 49:34-40, Feb, 1967.
Hickey JC et al. The relation of mouth protectors to cranial pressure and deformation. JADA 74:735-40, Mar, 1967.
Grimm G. Prophylactic measures for the prevention of sport injuries in the craniofacial region. Fortschr Kiefer Gesichtschir 11:215-220, 1966(GER).
Sunde OE. A new type of tooth protection for juvenile sports activities. Norske Tannlaegeforen Tid 75: 175-179, April, 1965, (NORWAY).
Stenger JM et al: Mouthguards: Protection against shock to head, neck and teeth. JADA 69:273-281, Sept, 1964.
Rodd H Chesham DJ. Sports-related oral injury and mouthguard use among Sheffield school children. Comm Dent Health 14(1):25-30, Mar, 1997.
Kumamoto DP Winters J Novickas D Mesa K. Tooth avulsions resulting from basketball net entanglement. JADA 128(9):1273-5, Sep, 1997.
Yamada T Sawaki Y Ueda M. Mouth guard for athletes during orthodontic treatment. Endod Dent Traumatol 13(1):40-1, Feb, 1997.
Westerman B Stringfellow PM Eccleston JA. An improved mouthguard material. Aust Dent J 42(3):189-91, Jun, 1997.
Winters JE. Sports Dentistry: The Profession's Role in Athletics. JADA 127(June):810-811, 1996.
Ranalli DM Cianfione D. Spit Tobacco:Baseball's Hidden Health Hazard. Coach & Athletic Director, April, pages 8-9, 1996.
Bull of Tokyo Medical and Dental Univ 43(1): 13-24, 1996.
Ou Meiqi, Taniguchi Hisashi, and Ohyama Takashi. Analysis on Decay Rate of Vibration Following Impact to Human Dry Skull With and Without Mouthguards.
Olin WH. Dentistry and Sport: Meeting the Needs of Our Patients. JADA 127(June):809, 1996.
Padilla R. Sports in Daily Practice. JADA 127(June):815-817, 1996.
Padilla R, Dorney B, Balikov S. Prevention of Oral Injuries. J CDA 24(3):30-36, 1996.
Kumamoto D Hildebrandt J. Orofacial Injuries.(in American College of Sports Medicine, Handbook for the Team Physician. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, Maryland), pages 205-212, 1996.
Dorney B Mouthguard protection in sports injury. Author's reply [letter; comment) Aust Dent J 41(1):63, Feb, 1996.
Nowjack-Raymer RE Gift HC. Use of mouthguards and headgear in organized sports by school-aged children. Disease Prevention and Health Promotion Branch, National Institute of Dental Research, Natcher Building, Room 3AN-44D, Bethedsa MD 20892-6401 USA. Pub
Chapman PJ, Nasser BP. Attitudes to Mouthguards and Prevalence of Orofacial Injuries in four Teams Competing at the Second Rugby World Cup, Br J Sports Med, 27(3):197-99, 1996.
Chapman PJ; Nasser BP. Prevalence of orofacial injuries and use of mouthguards in high school Rugby Union. Aust Dent J 41(4):252-5, Aug, 1996.
Kumamoto DP. Sports Dentistry at the State Level. JADA 127(June):816, 1996.
Klyop J. The ADA's Role: Boosting Awareness of Sports Dentistry. JADA 127(June):817-818, 1996.
Jolly KA; Messer LB; Manton D. Promotion of mouthguards among amateur football players in Victoria. Aust N Z J Public Health 20(6):630-9, Dec, 1996.
Gelb H; Mehta NR; Forgione AG. The relationship between jaw posture and muscular strength in sports dentistry: a reappraisal. Cranio 14(4):320-5, Oct, 1996.
Johnston T Messer LB. An in vitro study of the efficacy of mouthguard protection for dentoalveolar injuries in deciduous and mixed dentitionsUniversity of Endod Dent Traumatol 12(6):277-285, Dec, 1996.-
Bayliss T, Bedi R. Oral, Maxillofacial and General Injuries in Gymnasts. Injury 27(5):353-4,1996.
Acton CH, Nixon JW, Clark RC. Bicycle Riding and Oral/Maxillofacial Trauma in Young Children. Med J Aust 165:249-251,1996.
Illinois Department of Public Health Project Mouthguard. - A Guide to Establishing Mouthguard Programs in the Community.
Ohio Dental Association Best Defense - A Dentist's Guide to Providing Mouth Protectors for Community Sports Programs.
Ranalli D and Guevara P. A New Technique for the Custom Fabrication of Mouthguards with Photopolymerized Urethane Diacrylate. Penn Dent 62(1):22-24, 1995.
Ranalli D. Preventing Mouth Injuries During Sports. Penn Dent J 62(1):17-20, 1995.
Kumamoto DP , Jacob M, Nickelsen D. Oral Trauma: On Field Asessment. Physician and Sportsmedicine 24(5):53-62,1995.
Della Bella AM. Sports Dentistry: The Rewards of Public Service. Dental Economics 85(11):98-100, 1995.
Robertson PB, Derouen TA, Ernster V, Grady D, Greene J, Mancl L, McDonald D, and Walsh MW. Smokeless Tobacco Use: How It Affects the Performance of Major League Baseball Players. JADA 126(August):1116-1121, 1995.
Flanders RA Bhat M. The incidence of orofacial injuries in sports: a pilot study in Illinois. JADA 126(4):491-6, Apr, 1995.
Teo CS Stokes AN Loh T Bagramian RA. A survey of tooth injury experience and attitudes to prevention in a group of Singapore schoolboys. Ann Acad Med Singapore 24(1):23-5, Jan, 1995.
Ranalli DN Lancaster DM. Attitudes of college football coaches regarding NCAA mouthguard regulations and player compliance. J Public Health Dent 55(3):139-42, Summer, 1995.
Westerman B Stringfellow PM Eccleston JA. Forces transmitted through EVA mouthguard materials of different types and thickness. Department of Mathematics, University of Queensland. Aust Dent J40(6):389-91, Dec, 1995.
Chadwick SM Millett DT Chadwick SM Millett DT. Mouthguards and orthodontic treatment. Br J Orthod 22(3):283-5, Aug, 1995.
Ohio Dental Association. Best Defense - A Dentist's Guide to Providing Mouth Protectors for Community Sports Programs.
Soporowski N, Tesini DA, and Weiss AI. Survey of Orofacial Sports-Related Injuries. J Mass Dent Soc 43(4):16-20, 1994.
Br Dent J 176(12):478-80, Jun 25, 1994.
Reed RV. Jr Origin and early history of the dental mouthpiece.
DeYoung AK Robinson E Godwin WC. Comparing comfort and wearability: custom-made vs. selfadapted mouthguards. JADA 125(8):1112-8, Aug, 1994.
Hasegawa Y. Fundamental study on effects of different form of mouthguards on modal shape and damping ratio of human dry mandible. Kokubyo Gakkai Zasshi 61(2):309-28, Jun, 1994.
J Prosthet Dent 72(4):373-80, Oct, 1994.
Park JB Shaull KL Overton B Donly KJ. Improving mouth guards.
Dorney B. Mouthguard protection in sports injury. Case report [see comments] Aust Dent J 39(6):372, Dec, 1994.
Scott J Burke FJ Watts DC. A review of dental injuries and the use of mouthguards in contact team sports. Br Dent J 23;176(8):310-4, Apr, 1994.
Persson LG Kiliaridis S. Dental injuries, temporomandibular disorders, and caries in wrestlers. Scand J Dent Res 102(6):367-71, Dec, 1994.
Perlman SP. Special Olympic Athletes and the Incidence of Sports-Related Injuries. J Mass Dent Soc 43(4):44-46,64-65, 1994.
Andreasen J. Textbook and Color Atlas of Traumatic Injuries to the Teeth. (Munksgaard, Copenhagen, Third Ed.),1994.
Castaldi CR, Bishop PJ, and Hoerner EF.(Eds) Safety in Ice Hockey:Second Volume. STP 1212, American Society for Testing and Materials, 1993.
Guyette, Robert F. Facial Injuries in Basketball Players.(in Clin Sports Medicine Ed. Paul M. Steingard), 12(2):247-264, 1993.
Padilla R, Balikov S. Sports Dentistry: Coming of Age in the 90's. J Cal Dent Assn 21(4):27-37, 1993.
J Public Health Dent 53(2):96-100, Spring, 1993.
Ranalli DN Lancaster DM. Attitudes of college football officials regarding NCAA mouthguard regulations and player compliance.
Chapman PJ Nasser BP. Attitudes to mouthguards and prevalence of orofacial injuries in four teams competing at the second Rugby World Cup. Br J Sports Med 27(3):197-9, Sep, 1993.
Tanaka N, Hayashi S, Suzuki K, Uchide N, Tomitsuka K, Hirata Y, Yoshimasu H, Amagasa T. Clinical Study of Maxillofacial Fractures Sustained During Sports and Games. Kokubyo Gakkai Zasshi 59(3):571-7,1992.
J Indiana Dent Assn 71(5):26-28, 1992.
Bohnert MV. Custom Dental Mouth Guards for the Young Athlete.
Flanders RA. Orofacial Injuries Prevalence and Prevention in Illinois. Illinois Dental J 61(3):211-216,1992.
Ranalli DN; Guevara PA A new technique for the custom fabrication of mouthguards with photopolymerized urethane diacrylate. Quintessence Int 23(4):253-5, Apr, 1992.
Lee-Knight CT Harrison EL Price CJ. Dental injuries at the 1989 Canada games: an epidemiological study. J Can Dent Assn 58(10):810-5, Oct, 1992.
Roettger M Mandibular repositioning to enhance athletic performance: is it well founded? And more importantly, is it safe? Northwest Dent 71(5):29-31, Sep-Oct, 1992 .
Ranalli DN. Sports Dentistry. Dental Clinics of North America, Vol 35(October), 1991.
Wood AJ A tongue shield appliance: design, fabrication, and case report. Spec Care Dentist 11(1):12-4, Jan-Feb, 1991.
Johnsen DC, Winters JE. Prevention of intraoral trauma in sports. Dent Clin North Am 35(4):657-66, Oct, 1991.
Morrow RM, Bonci T, Seal JR, et al. Oral Injuries in Southwest Conference Women Basketball Players. Athletic Training JNATA,26:344-345,1991.
Morrow RM, Seal RR, Barnwell GM, et al. Report of a Survey of Oral Injuries in Male College and University Athletes. Athletic Training JNATA,26:339-342,1991.
Dent Clin North Am 35(4):667-82, Oct, 1991.
Guevara PA, Ranalli DN Techniques for mouthguard fabrication.
Chapman PJ Orofacial injuries and international rugby players' attitudes to mouth guards. Br J Sports Med 24(3):156-8, Sep, 1990.
Emura I Maeda Y Ohtani T Okada M Nokubi T Okuno Y Onoue Y Maeda N Yoshioka W Tsutsumi S Clinical application of T-Scan System: Evaluation of soft mouth guards. Daigaku Shigaku Zasshi 35(2):441-6, Dec, 1990.
Maeda Y Emura I Onoue Y Maeda N Ohtani T Okada M Nokubi T Okuno Y Yoshioka W Tsutsumi S Mouth guard and occlusal force distribution. Daigaku Shigaku Zasshi 35(2):557-63, Dec, 1990.
Bhat M SH Li. Consumer product-related tooth injuries treated in hospital emergency rooms: United States, 1979--1987. Comm Dent Oral Epidemiol 18:133-8, Dec, 1990.